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Explanation Of Botanical Words








Although I do not pretend to put this forth as a "Botanical work," I
deem it necessary that I should make use of certain words in application
to forming the different parts of a flower; I shall give an explanation
of such botanical words as I must occasionally make use of in the course
of my instructions.

COROLLA signifies a flower deprived of its centre. For example: the
corolla of a rhododendron falls from its position, leaving the interior
of the flower pendent to the stem. The convolvulus has a funnel-shaped
corolla.

PETAL. This is part of the corolla, and what is termed, by the
uninformed--leaf; for instance, we hear of drying rose leaves, when in
fact it is the petals that are alluded to. The term leaf should only be
applied to the foliage.

PISTIL, or PISTILLUM, is that part of a flower which projects directly
from the centre, and is longer than the rest; we observe it in the white
lily, fuchsia, honeysuckle, etc. The enlargement at the end of the
pistil is termed stigma.

STAMENS, or STAMINA, signify the filaments that surround the pistil; and
the enlarged part at the end of each filament is called anther.

FARINA is the fine dust which is contained in the anther, and which
shows itself also outside.

CALYX is applied to the green attached to the flower. For example: the
part that is covered with moss about the rose is the calyx. Sometimes
the calyx is covered with down, as in geranium, primrose, etc.

STIGMA. The enlargement at the end of the pistillum.





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